GranadaHead of glorious perched Nazari, this artistic and historical city saw Boabdil mourn for "not having defended as a man."
HistoryA focal point of primitive people Iberians settled in the hills where they stand today the neighborhood of Albaicín and the Alhambra. The war between Romans and Carthaginians resulted in the victory of the latter, resulting in a change of direction and a revolution in the way of life for its residents.
Grenada played a prominent role in the Christianization of the Iberian peninsula, as evidenced by the fact that host the first Spanish council of the church around the year 300 AD Subsequently, the Roman empire went into decline and the Visigoths soon conquer the town and turn it into a military fortress of the first order at the time.
The Muslims established at the outset of the settlement Garnatha Alyejud, on the other side of the river Darro. Over time, the Arabic influence was imposed to the extent that both cities lived until he was distinguished only one. In full bustle of the kingdoms of Taif, the Nasrid dynasty rose to power in 1238 to found a new city, splendid and modern, which has virtually reached today. In the year 1492, Boabdil surrendered the plaza to the Catholic Monarchs on condition that the customs and religion be respected Arabic. However, the real promise was cracked soon to raise the Arabs economic conditions unbearable. As a result of the violation of the covenants of capitulation, the Moors led the revolt of the Alpujarras in 1568. Philip II need the help of his brother John of Austria, which finally succeeded in quelling the insurgency in 1571, and then expel the Muslim inhabitants of the city. Although some Moors retained its economic and commercial permits, the collapse of the silk industry in the eighteenth century led to the demise of the zone to all Muslims.
After the War of Independence, during which Grenada was occupied by Napoleonic forces, French tastes resulted in modern treatments for parks, squares and gardens. The course of the century was marked by clashes between the liberal and absolutist tendencies. After already in the twentieth century, it would trigger the Civil War.
Once the war, Grenada was able to recoup the monumental legacy that splashes across his face and to attract tourism to their streets.
The kitchen has inherited grenadine culinary knowledge of different cultures that have been involved in its history. The Arab and Jewish contributions combine to result in dishes themselves, elegant and often imaginative. According hunger and the availability of time, you can choose among some potatoes to the poor, crumbs, a tortilla of Sacromonte, a Saladillo with beans or soaking Granada cod and orange.
In addition to the traditional and well known beans with ham, is typical rotten pot of Jewish origin, and the pot of St. Anton, who is come-as-usual on January 17.
The bakery also offers a wide variety of dishes such as curd carnival, soplillos of the Alpujarra cake real Motil. From the resulting high energy biscuits de Zafra, pestiños the incarnation or pastry San Jeronimo. Also, piononos Santa Fe or sweets of the nuns of Santiago and Santa Isabel have won deserved prestige to the native cuisine.
The schedule of festivities Granada opens on January 2 with the Feast of the Reconquista, in which the banner of the Catholic Monarchs is present parades and official acts. On February 1 takes place procession of the Abbey of San Cecilio, which concludes with a picnic and dances.
The Easter of great seriousness and rigour, begins with the rise of Christ of Gypsies to the abbey of Sacromonte to stop the outflow of Santa Maria de la Alhambra by the so-called "door of justice".
El Dia de la Cruz, which falls on May 3, tradition is that the streets are decorated with crosses and floral motifs. At the end of the same month were leaving the festival procession in Corpus Christi and, as early as June, the International Festival of Music and Dance attracts thousands to scenarios as suggestive as the palace of Charles V, the palace gardens or Arabic of the Generalife.
Despite being a large city, it is very easy for the traveler who arrives in Grenada directed since its most characteristic elements are visible from anywhere in the city. Moving around in her car is a very complicated task because the city is full of one-way streets and little signs. Therefore, a good way to visit this beautiful city is to make walking routes and discover, with the classic "slowly but surely", its most surprising corners.
To start any visit to the capital Granada is a good choice to approach this symbol as representative. The Alhambra in Grenada is one of the most impressive monuments of Spain. Although it has not been declared as one of the New Wonders of the World in a recent popular election, the truth is that the great charm which houses attracts countless tourists. The monumental site of the Alhambra is located at the top of a hill, which can be accessed on foot, during a tour of about 25 minutes, or with some of the buses leaving from downtown.
Today, the castle or "red fort" within the meaning of his Arabic name, because of the color of clay and its striking lighting by-night construction is a non-Muslim religious extraordinary. This is a joint walled built between 1238 and 1391, whose main virtue is the novel and original combination of elements and techniques already used previously. Her beauty, through its palaces and gardens, is also noticeable in a hearing, as the rumor sources accompanies the visitor throughout the tour of the campus. It is also an Arabic palace built in the Middle Ages and is still standing, and that Christians were Prendes for its beauty and decided to restore it, rather than destroyed or looted. Its interior is home to palaces, baths, a mosque, a fortress and, above all, peaceful gardens that manage to carry the imagination of visitors to the era of Arab domination of this territory.
There are four doors in the walls of the Alhambra, but the door of justice which welcomes today and that leads to the citadel, the oldest part of campus. Its main attraction is that it provides excellent views of the entire city, especially from the tower of Vela. The Nasrid palaces, occupying the space for the residence of Emirs and strength, are the central part of the visit. Although it still retains the architectural unity, this set has been expanded, renovated and remodeled in many occasions throughout its history to date is very complicated to put each of those areas.
Undoubtedly, highlights the palace Mexuar, which presents a portico with nine semicircular arches and an eave cedar wood original that gives way to Mexuar, the courtroom to be used to address issues of importance and gives a view of except for the Albaicín. It is worthwhile to imagine the big occasions and the important issues have been dealt between these four walls. Even the spent soil shows how much people throughout history has gone through this space. Another beautiful room is the fourth Gold whose walls are covered with ornaments and decorative elements. This section also offers extraordinary views of the city.
Nearby is the courtyard of Arrayanes, where the balance between light water shows the care with which the architects projected all Arabs yards. In the hall of the Barca highlights a cedar roof of oval shape that can recall a boat inverted, so it has received precisely this name.
It is in the room where the ambassadors se cree que el Sultan Boabdil handed the keys to the city of Granada to the Catholic Monarchs: space was devoted to receptions of Arab kings. Stresses in their arabesques, stalactites, balconies and its incredible tiles.
The area better known throughout the whole is probably the courtyard of the Lions, who belongs to the Royal Palace. Built in 1377, in the era of Mohamed V, presents a rectangular guarded by 124 white marble columns of Almeria. At around him, the former sultan's private rooms, from leaving four streams that converge in the center, provide the source of the Lions. These twelve beasts dating from the eleventh century are an unforgettable image of the Alhambra. Around this courtyard there are also several rooms open to visitors: those of the Kings, of Mocárabes or of the Two Sisters. From this point must be crossing a nice yard to access the bathrooms consist of three chambers: a hot, a cold and for the rest. In Arab culture, the bathrooms are a vital space.
But the monumental complex of the Alhambra still offers visitors other interesting sites. Opposite stands majestic Generalife, a villa with gardens that Muslim kings used as a place of rest. The interest is here in its green spaces and gardens. In addition to the central pool of all, the courtyard of Cipreses and staircase of the Cascades, the courtyard of the Acequia is a beautiful part of this monumental
You can also visit the palace of Charles V, which dates back to the sixteenth century and which is characterized by its robustness and its architectural circular courtyard with two floors of galleries. The interior emphasizes the octagonal chapel with curious cariátides, statues of nymphs and satyrs.
Currently, this building houses the Museum of Fine Arts and the Museum of the Alhambra. The first hosts a wide and interesting collection of art by artists from Granada, especially in the sixteenth century. The museum contains the Alhambra stucco, marble, wood and other decorative elements que se han ido finding in this place.
Finally, before leaving this area, it's worth closer to the church of Santa Maria de la Alhambra, just behind the palace of Charles V, which was built in the seventeenth century on the former royal mosque.
The Albaicín and Sacromonte
On the other side of the river Darro, which may be crossed by the slope of the boy king, extends the neighborhood of Albaicín, with its jumbled streets with their houses with gardens. This is undoubtedly a neighborhood that is home to great charm in this city. His style recalls a medina in fact, many were Muslims who moved to these streets at mid-thirteenth century, after the Christian reconquest of the city of Cordoba. With the arrival in Grenada, Christians, Moors there found their space better. After the killings occurring during the night of Christmas 1569, the population declined markedly. The last Muslims were expelled in 1609.
Its features steep alleyways, courtyards its florid, its beautiful mansions and its animated plazoletas offer the visitor a picture perfect.
The Albaicín was recognized as a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1994.
Some of its attractions are the streets of Bañuelos, the Paseo de los Tristes, the slope of Chapiz, the square of San Salvador and the Aliatar, the church of St. Bartholomew's Square and Long BOILER New Street. An interesting way to admire this neighborhood is lost because their streets and gradually discover its countless charms.
Above, the Sacromonte district is a visit full of color and charm. From mostly Gypsy population, their houses are really troglodyte caves that sink into the hillsides and hidden flamenco shows, called "Zambra", specially designed for tourists.
Right in the centre of Granada, and opening up to the Gran Via de Colon, is the cathedral. Its construction began in 1523 under the criteria imposed Gothic Enrique Eneas, but the Renaissance built by Diego de Siloé was imposed throughout. They emphasize its main facade, with its beautiful semicircular arches and its chapel Mayor of circular. However, the jewel of the cathedral is the Chapel Royal. From Gothic style, is protected by a wrought iron fence. It is designed especially to become the place of veneration of the mausoleum with the challenges of the Catholic Monarchs. In addition, hosted the remains of Joanna the Mad and Philip the Handsome, her husband. Currently, these remnants are not in their sarcophagi, as it appears Napoleon's troops looted the chapel and left empty coffins. Directly opposite the royal chapel still retains an entrance to the madrassa, the former university Arabic, which still houses a beautiful small courtyard and Mudejar style.
Alongside the cathedral, nothing better than to approach the Alcaicería. This is an old Arabic souk that during the Middle Ages was devoted to the sale of fabrics. Today is packed with businesses that offer all kinds of souvenirs for the visitors who come to this city.
Other points of interest are very near the Corral Coal, the church of San Juan de Dios, Baroque Granada, and St. Nicholas, the former town hall and the collegiate church of Saints and Justo Pastor.
Founded in the late sixteenth century by the Sisters of St. Jerome, the monastery that bears his name is organized around a courtyard of orange trees. Located on the street Rector Lopez Argüeta, you can only visit the ground floor and its wonderful faculty of two galleries. His church, a mixture of Gothic styles, Elizabethan and Renaissance altarpiece houses a finales del siglo XVI has some chapters of Christianity as the Holy Sacrament, the birth of Christ or worship, among others. It is worthwhile to attend the eve sung that are held there.
In front of the Monastery of St. Jerome, across the street Great Captain, one arrives at a university, built by order of Charles I in the early sixteenth century.
Above, from the viewpoint of Lona Lane notes the monastery of Santa Isabel la Real. Nor should we overlook the Carthusian monastery of the renovated Baroque from the sixteenth century. Situated on the top of a hill northwest of downtown retains much of the work of the painter Sanchez Cotán, who entered the order at the beginning of the seventeenth century. In the church of La Cartuja is also interesting to visit the tabernacle, a small chapel dedicated to the Holy Sacrament which was built in the eighteenth century, always under heavy baroque style. Along with the Renaissance house of the Father Suarez, the House of Tyre is currently hosting the History Museum of Granada.
In addition to the Sierra Nevada Natural Park, a few miles from Granada, is the Sierra de Huétor. His wealth is basa in its variety of native plants and spectacular in their groves, composed mainly of pines, oaks and maples. Declared Natural Park in 1989, this area is between 1,100 and 1,675 metres above sea level and covers some 12,500 hectares.
It is highly advisable to travel the 20 kilometres separating Grenada Fuente Vaqueros. This village is famous for being the birthplace of the poet Federico García Lorca. There you can visit his birthplace, where they planned a video with some passages of his life, in addition to hosting photos, letters and manuscripts. Among the documents are more personal correspondence stressed that the poet had with his sister, and the surrealist painter Salvador Dalí.
They also deserve a break the picturesque villages of the Alpujarras: Lanjarón, Pampaneira, Bubion, Capileira, Ferreirola, or Pórtugos Busquístar, among others. This area located just over 50 kilometers from the city of Granada but that amounts to an altitude of between 1,000 and 1,500 meters above sea level, suffers a very high thermal oscillation. The scenery is idyllic and white populations who are there have a particular charm landlocked, it has also attracted artists and religious communities. This is ideal for space trip on foot or by bicycle, to enjoy nature and not of gastronomy. The most characteristic dish known as "dish alpujarreño" is published with trout, ham, sausages, potatoes and a fried egg. Another interesting aspect to this area is the curious architecture with Moroccan influences. The houses are cubic, with flat roofs, and rising crowded each other. In addition, an efficient system of ditches allows the channelling of water from melting snow. For lovers of literature this place has the further incentive to be the scene of the novel by Gerald Brennan "Al Sur de Granada," a very good opportunity to soak in the prose of the British who lived in the Alpujarras during the 1920's .
Also known as the "Bañuelos," all Arab baths was built in the eleventh century to provide a space in which to bathe in peace and enjoy the serenity of this beautiful place.
It has been reformed significantly, but still retains the atmosphere Arabic that transports visitors to distant eras. Nothing else go there to cross a small courtyard filled with flowers in order to access different vaulted rooms that serve as input to the bathrooms. Some of these vaults are star-shaped holes that let light access the interior.
Federico García Lorca
This recognized Spanish poet has left an indelible mark on this city, which came to refer wing in this way; "A finger on the vine and a ray of sunshine brought the site of my heart."
The Andalusian poet and playwright, admired figure in Spanish literature of the twentieth century, lived some of the best moments of his life in this place. Despite being born in Fuente Vaqueros, a town close to Granada, in 1898, his family soon moved to the capital, where Garcia Lorca began high school. Later enter at the University of Granada to start their law studies, but he enrolled in the Faculty of Arts. His great passions were already reading, painting, and especially poetry. Among his most admired authors include romantic Spanish nineteenth century and modern Latin American writers.
He published his first poems with only 20 years. The strong influence of the field is reflected so intense throughout his work. He was also a source of inspiration for him the art of bullfighting and everything connected with art gypsy. Thus, in 1928, he published the Romancero gypsy, book that gave him international fame, and few years later and after his trip to the United States, would his work in light Poet in New York.
Their return to Grenada in 1936 was marked by the beginning of the Civil War, which unfortunately put and end point in the life of the artist. He was arrested for political reasons and shot at the age of 38 years close to his beloved city.
A few kilometers from the city, and at the edge of the Alpujarras and the Marquisate of Zenete, is a fascinating natural area peninsular: Sierra Nevada.
The space that love the Muslims of Al-Andalus and was named Sierra del Sol in the Middle Ages, home to some of the highest peaks of the peninsula, as the peaks of Veleta and Mulhacén, offering some incredible panoramic on the Mediterranean over 3,000 metres above sea level. The climate is ideal for enjoying, in winter, snow sports, and in summer, some mild temperatures that have nothing to do with those who suffer nearby coastal locations or own Andalusian capital.
Although there are some beautiful people with backgrounds in the Muslim part closest to the city-as Dilar, or Gójar-Ogíjares, this enclave is particularly attractive to those seeking visitors enjoy nature in its purest form.
Thanks to the enormous richness of its flora and fauna, Sierra Nevada was declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1986; Nature Reserve in 1989 and a decade later, National Park. Specifically highlighted Mulhacén peak (3,482 meters) and Veleta (3,394 meters), but there are other 16 mountains exceeding 3,000 altitude above sea level. Thus, those who love mountaineering, hiking, trekking, climbing or canyoning have here an incredible offer.
The ski resort.
Sierra Nevada is a paradise for lovers of all kinds of snow sports because there is a major ski resort in southern Europe. His elevation and latitude permitted to be the perfect place to enjoy sports whites with the proper time, since it is one of the ski resorts with more sunny days a year. Alpine skiing, snowboarding, snowmobiling, paragliding, ice skating or sleigh; options are endless, as this season has some 2,500 hectares of snow, with more than 70 tracks and 76 miles with about 350 guns to ensure the state of snow over the years less cold. In addition, these sports enthusiasts also take advantage of the nightlife of the season, which lasts until May its winter season.