Traditional troglodyte caves and architectural wealth are the heritage of this city that displays its charms in the foothills north of Sierra Nevada
His condition crossroads, and also of civilizations and cultures, he attracted Julius Caesar, who founded the city in 45 B.C. with the name of Julia Twin Joint Action. Internal wars between Muslim kingdoms led to the entrance of the Christian armies of the Catholic Monarchs.
Guadix traditionally served crumbs, “tatters”, porridge and zalamandroñas, and the classic pot of San Antón. The sky bacon and fried donuts are part of the local pastries.
On January 17 the pilgrimage and San Antón is celebrated, with horses and chariots bedecked. Cascamorras tradition, on September 9, is the pursuit of this figure by not bringing La Piedad de Baza. The second Sunday of November takes place the procession of Our Lady of Sorrows, another remarkable celebration.
The Constitution Square is in the center of town, declared of historical interest. A little further up, the Cathedral Square hosts the School of Arts and Crafts, the Royal Hospital and naturally the cathedral. Gothic and neo-classical style, has three naves are apse and ambulatory, and has a beautiful choir stalls. The Cathedral Museum has recently been restored and it can be seen pieces and books from the fifteenth to eighteenth centuries.
The most characteristic is the neighborhood of Santiago, which is deployed from its main square. A remarkable variety of buildings-palaces, houses and temples-line the streets around.
Another of the most typical places of Guadix is the neighborhood of the Caves, which takes its name from the cracks that exist in the mountains, where it still houses and apartments are built. These constructions are able to maintain a constant room temperature at 20 ° C for 12 months. In the square it is possible to visit the cave museum to appreciate this habitat.
It is also interesting to approach the citadel, a rudimentary fortress built by the Arabs in the ninth century on an artificial mountain. On the left side of the citadel Peñaflor Palace, built in the sixteenth century based on solid bricks he stands.
Some of the nearby municipalities also have traditional caves in this area. Just six kilometers, the town of Purullena has a whole neighborhood. This town is also interesting church of San Martin, which retains a great coffered ceiling.